THE SMALLSAT REVOLUTION

Meet the Aerospace CubeSat Fleet

Since 1999, The Aerospace Corporation has been a pioneer in the design, construction and flight of ultrasmall satellites. Learn more about the timeline of our past and future satellites.

Aerospace continues to research and develop ever-higher-performing technologies for smallsats.

The Aerospace Corporation began pioneering the design, construction and flight of ultrasmall satellites in 1999, developing an inexpensive, lightweight spacecraft that used the latest miniaturized electronics and microelectromechanical systems.

As demands for greater small satellite capability continue to grow, Aerospace continues to research and develop ever-higher-performing technologies for small satellite bus systems and payloads, ensuring effective on-orbit systems far into the future.

The numbering of the AeroCube fleet is chronological from when the mission started development; launch dates are in parentheses.

The Slingshot 1 CubeSat will carry 19 Aerospace-developed payloads on launch in early July. Follow us on twitter @theaerospacecorporation for launch updates.

SLINGSHOT 1 (2022): A 12U CubeSat that leverages a commercial bus and ground segment rather than the AeroCube bus and ground network. The goal is to simplify the architecture with open standards and plug-and-play interfaces to streamline bus-to-payload, satellite-to-satellite and space-to-ground communications.

AEROCUBE-16 (2022): A technology demonstration in Low Earth Orbit, consisting of a pair of 6U CubeSats hosting a number of advanced materials experiments. Technical data from AeroCube-16, including results from this experiment, will be used to validate ground test data and inform future research.

Artists rendering of a CubeSat on orbit, left; The LLITED CubeSat, right.

LOW-LATITUDE IONOSPHERE/THERMOSPHERE ENHANCEMENTS in DENSITY (LLITED) (2022): A pair of 1.5U CubeSats that will measure two particular features of the nighttime upper atmosphere simultaneously, which will be a milestone for on-orbit CubeSat capability and improve atmospheric models.

Time-lapse of the DAILI CubeSat assembly.

DAILY ATMOSPHERIC IONOSPHERIC LIMB IMAGER (DAILI) (2021): Our first 6U CubeSat, DAILI will unlock new information about the molecular oxygen density of Earth’s upper atmosphere. Better understanding of the atmosphere helps avoid potential disturbances to satellite operations.

The AeroCube-14 3U CubeSats in the lab prior to launch integration, left. The satellites carried a number of nanotechnology experiments in low-earth orbit. Aerocube-15 shown right.

AEROCUBE-15 aka AEROSPACE ROGUE ALPHA/BETA CUBESATS (2019): These 3U CubeSats were developed on a tight timeline of 18 months and demonstrated that rapid reconstitution of mission capabilities is possible.

AEROCUBE-14 (2019): Two 3U CubeSats that demonstrated a standardized interface for modular experiments that reduces the challenges of integration and launch.

Aerocubes -10, -11, -12, left to right, respectively

AEROCUBE-12 (2018): Two 3U CubeSats that demonstrated the capability of a new star-tracker, a variety of nanotechnology payloads and advanced solar cells.

AEROCUBE-11 (2018): A pair of 3U CubeSats that demonstrated the technological capability of two imaging sensors, developed by Aerospace.

AEROCUBE-10 (2019): These 1.5U CubeSats are the smallest spacecraft to have performed a proximity operation as close as 22 meters from each other. They also deployed atmospheric probes to measure air density.

ISARA, left; Aerocube-7 with payload, right.

AEROCUBE-8 (2015 & 2016): These 1.5U CubeSats were built to test novel spacecraft technologies.

AEROCUBE-7 (2015 & 2017): AeroCube-7 demonstrated several firsts for a CubeSat: the first space-to-ground optical communication link, the first water-based propulsion system and first propulsion system to meet International Space Station safety standards.

Aerocubes -4, -5, -6, left to right, respectively

AEROCUBE-6 (2014): Our first 0.5U CubeSats demonstrated orbit control using variable drag profiles.

AEROCUBE-5 (2013 & 2015): Our first 1.5U CubeSats.

AEROCUBE-4 (2012): AeroCube-4 established the state of the art for CubeSats by evolving from a tech demo platform to a fully functional mission-oriented spacecraft, including the first 3-axis stabilized control system with 1-degree pointing accuracy.

Photo taken by STS-135 shuttle astronaut of PSSCT-2 deployment in 2011, left. Photo courtesy: NASA; Photo of STS-135, the final photo of a space shuttle on-orbit, taken by the PSSCT-2, right.

PICOSATELLITE SOLAR CELL TESTBED-2 (PSSCT-2) (2011): This was our first 3-axis stabilized NanoSat. Of note, it took the last picture of a shuttle on-orbit (Atlantis).

PICOSATELLITE SOLAR CELL TESTBED (PSSCT) (2008): This was the first demonstration of a solid rocket motor propulsion system on a CubeSat. The core foundation of the AeroCube program was based on PSSCT-1 and PSSCT-2.

Aerocubes -1, -2, -3, left to right, respectively

AEROCUBE-3 (2009): This CubeSat continued to mature fundamental AeroCube bus technologies.

AEROCUBE-2 (2007): Our first spacecraft with solar cells.

AEROCUBE-1 (2006): Our first CubeSat.

Opal PicoSat, left; MEPSI-1 PicoSat, center; MEPSI-2 PicoSat, right

MEPSI-2 (2006): This carried the world’s first additively-manufactured propulsion system.

MEPSI-1 (2002): This demonstrated a human-rated container­ized satellite ejection system for the U.S. space shuttle Endeavour. The first CubeSat deployer would fly the next year.

MIGHTYSAT II.1 PICOSATS (2000): These copies of the OPAL picosats demonstrated operation of ejected spacecraft after one year of on-orbit storage.

OPAL PICOSATS (2000): Before CubeSats existed, these 2.5x7.5x10 cm satellites became the smallest active satellites ever flown.

To learn more about the Aerospace CubeSat Program, check out A Brief Hisotry of Aerocubes.

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