How to Build a Lunar Habitat

The Moon is a hostile environment — extreme temperatures, low gravity, and radiation await the next generation of astronauts. Scientists have patented a method for turning a plentiful lunar resource into building blocks for potential habitats.

The Regishell concept proposes inflatable human habitat structures that can be inflated on-site, then rigidized using abundant local regolith as a construction material.

Advancing space exploration capabilities has long been an area of intense interest to human civilization, not only for the potential to improve conditions on Earth but also to better understand the mysteries of the universe.

Human settlement of the Moon and Mars presents numerous practical and logistical challenges. In addition to the rigors of space travel, human settlers will face hostile environments characterized by extreme temperatures and low gravity. While the Earth’s magnetosphere and atmosphere afford protection from solar and cosmic particle radiation as well as meteoroids, no such protection exists on the Moon or Mars, making specialized protective habitats a necessity for human colonists. Space habitation and in situ resource utilization will play a critical role in enabling humans to reach farther into space.

Introducing Regishell

The Regishell method can be used to create multilayer structures that also serve as water reservoirs for human inhabitants, as well as magnetic tarmacs to keep hazardous, ionized moon dust away from human habitats.

“If we’re really going to establish a base camp on the Moon or Mars, we need to anticipate how base camps will grow and turn into a kind of ecosystem,” said Alli Taylor, Senior Project Leader of the Human Exploration and Space Flight Division. “There’s going to be a lot of construction,” Taylor said. “It’s an area we thought would be good to build Aerospace’s experience and skillset. The Regishell concept is just the beginning of the process of establishing methods and materials to make this happen.”

Living Off the Land

“We recognize the big challenge of transporting mass to the moon. Bringing the materials needed to build homes analogous to the beautiful ones we have here on Earth is simply not possible,” said Dr. Lael Woods, Systems Director of Aerospace’s iLab. “Reducing payload mass and using local resources were key objectives when developing novel concepts for lunar exploration.

The Regishell habitat concept boasts a number of advantages, including a smaller payload volume to deliver to the Moon compared to other habitat concepts, and lower cost of materials for the same or better radiation protection. In addition, habitats created using the Regishell method can be multilayer structures and can serve as reservoirs for water to sustain the human inhabitants within.

This water reservoir concept played an essential role in the simulation phase of research conducted by the Physical Science Laboratories to determine the extent to which Regishell could shield inhabitants from radiation.

Shelter in Space

Cross-section of Regishell structure.

The patented Regishell methodology may ultimately be a pathway for more efficient and less costly space exploration. Members of the team are now exploring techniques for breaking down lunar soil into individual components on the Moon. In addition, the team is now investigating ways to mitigate the problematic characteristics of lunar dust.

“Dust on the moon is ionized and takes the form of shards. This presents problems for human health,” Taylor said. “Since it’s also magnetic, we’re exploring the possibility of creating a tarmac out of modified Regishell that attracts this dust and keeps it out of human habitats.”

While there are numerous technical and logistical hurdles to overcome before lunar and Martian colonies become a reality, new approaches to materials development and the use of on-site resources are critical to making exploration viable.

“The next step is to transition this concept to our colleagues outside of Aerospace,” Woods said. “Ultimately, we aim to continue to use investments to prove concepts that facilitate the far-reaching objectives of our customers.”

Don’t miss the TC Sessions: Space 2021 panel discussion with lunar expedition experts from iSpace, Masten Space Systems and Lockheed Martin Space to discuss recent lunar sample research and explore what the future of lunar sampling looks like. As a member of The Aerospace Corporation community, you can take advantage of a full-access ticket for just $20.
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